Service in Civil War



Civil War, 1861–65 — Individual Service.


Our country’s welfare is our first concern,
And who promotes that best, best proves his duty.

Havard‘s Regulus. [*1]

Date of Enlistment.Co. & Regt.Enl. For.
George W. Webster,May 25, 1861,D, 2d,3 yrs.
Philip Moore,

Temporary resident.
Aug. 5, 1862,D, 5th,3 yrs.
Timothy Hurly,May 25, 1861[*2]3 yrs.

Date of Enlistment.Co. & Regt.Enl For.
Charles Cowdry,

Died in service in 1864.
June 26, 1861,E, 12th,3 yrs.
William A. Edwards,

Served full term.
June 26, 1861,E, 12th,3 yrs.
John F. Gragg,June 26, 1861,E, 12th,3 yrs.
Walter F. Blake,

Wounded at Fredericksburg;
pensioned for loss of limb, not amputated.
June 26, 1861,E, 12th,3 yrs.
John Albert Pierce,July 11, 1861,D, 12th,3 yrs.
Joseph Pierce,July 11, 1861,[*2]3 yrs.
Marcus R. Johnson,

Passed through many hard battles,
and escaped injury.
Aug. 7, 1861,B, 15th,3 yrs.
Isaiah W. Foss,Aug. 5, 1861,[*2]3 yrs.
John F. Gleason,

Transferred to war department,
at Washington, October, 1863;
enlisted in the general service, Aug. 10, 1864;
discharged, Feb. 9, 1865;
time of service, 4 1/2 years.
Aug. 10, 1861,F, 22nd,3 yrs.
Eliab S. Wilkins,[*2]1st Cav.3 yrs.
Lyman Center,Aug. 15, 1861,F, 16th.3 yrs.
Samuel W. Stearns,

See sketch on page 69.
Oct. 1, 1861,B, 15th,3 yrs.
O. V. Cone,

Killed at second Bull Run.
Oct. 1, 1861,N.Y. Bat.3 yrs.
Charles W. Lunt,

See sketch on page 69.
Oct. 5, 1861,F, 22nd,3 yrs.
Robert W. Edwards,

Served full time.
Oct. 18, 1861,E, 26th,3 yrs.
Cyrus Page,Oct. 18, 1861,E, 26th,3 yrs.
Henry Hosmer,

Enlisted as artificer, and was in the battle
that resulted in the capture of New Orleans,
where he died of disease.
Jan. 20, 1862,6th Bat.3 yrs.
Patrick A. McDonough,

Deserted, Nov. 9, 1862.
Jan. 20, 1862,47th,3 yrs.
Robert Flinn,Jan. 23, 1862,1st,3 yrs.
Groverner A. Page,

Was at battle of Missionary Ridge,
where he lost left arm, October, 1863;
discharged, April 6, 1864.
Aug. 5, 1862,D, 33rd,3 yrs.
John Williams,Aug. 5, 1862,D, 33rd,3 yrs.
Jonathan Albert Perry,Aug. 5, 1862,D, 33rd,3 yrs.
Peter Doyel,Aug. 12, 1862,I, 22d,3 yrs.
George Goodwin,

Wounded, June 4, 1864, at Battle of Cold Harbor, Va.;
discharged, Oct. 17, 1864.
Aug. 15, 1862,F, 22nd,3 yrs.
Martin Bird,Aug. 12, 1862,29th,3 yrs.
Daniel H. Butters,Sept. 9, 1862,Sharp Shooters.[*2]
George H. Barker,Sept. 12, 1862,D, 44th,9 ms.
Alfred Johnson,Sept. 12, 1862,F, 44th,9 ms.
John Page,Sept. 12, 1862,D, 44th,9 ms.
Edward F. Webber,Sept. 12, 1862,F, 44th,9 ms.
Harry Nourse,Sept. 12, 1862,D, 44th,9 ms.
Corp. John F. Mansfield,

Served full time.
Oct. 5, 1862,D, 33rd,3 yrs.
George A. Mansfield,

Discharged March 12, 1863, for disability.
Oct. 5, 1862,D, 33rd,3 yrs.
Elbridge Jones,Sept. 26, 1862,B, 45th,9 ms.
Isaac L. Watts,Oct. 15, 1862,G, 47th,9 ms.
John Isaacs,Oct. 16, 1862,D, 16th,3 yrs.
Thomas Isaacs,

Died in service in 1863.
Oct. 16, 1862,D, 16th,3 yrs.
Charles H. Johnson,Oct. 15, 1862,G, 47th,9 ms.
Thomas W. Hill,Oct. 15, 1862,G, 47th,9 ms.
Charles W. Webber,Oct. 15, 1862,G, 47th,9 ms.
Emerson B. Cutler,Oct. 15, 1862,G, 47th,9 ms.
Gaton O. Wood,Oct. 15, 1862,G, 47th,9 ms.
James Munroe,

Died in 1863, from disease contracted in the service.
Oct. 15, 1862,G, 47th,9 ms.

[ tipped-in page ]

[ portrait photo ]
W. A. Stearns.

[ tipped-in page ]

[ portrait photo ]
Moses Hayward.

[ tipped-in page ]

[ portrait photo ]
“I Do Not Fear Death, a Soldier’s Death is Glorious.”
Charles W. Lunt.

[ p 69 ]

Date of Enlistment.Co. & Regt.Enl. For.
William A. Houghton,

Killed at North Anna River, Va.,
by the bursting of a shell.
Dec. 8, 1863,1st H.A.3 yrs.
Edward Merritt,Dec. 8, 1863,2nd H.A.3 yrs.
Augustus F. Davis,

Discharged, July 18, 1865.
Jan. 6, 1864,1st Cav.3 yrs.
Edwin M. Brooks,July 16, 1864, *D, 6th,100 ds.
John H. Brown,July 16, 1864,D, 6th,100 ds.
Robert C. Bird,July 16, 1864,D, 6th,100 ds.
Frederick Davis,July 16, 1864,D, 6th,100 ds.
Albert L. Dutton,July 16, 1864,D, 6th,100 ds.
William F. Frost,July 16, 1864,D, 6th,100 ds.
Joseph A. Goodwin,

Had served as captain’s boy in Company C,
Forty-fourth Regiment, before this campaign.
July 16, 1864,D, 6th,100 ds.
Samuel, L. Lane,July 16, 1864,D, 6th,100 ds.
Jonas E. Munroe,July 16, 1864,D, 6th,100 ds.
Harry Nourse,

Served nine months in Company D,
Forty-fourth Regiment.
July 16, 1864,D, 6th,100 ds.
Charles F. Robinson,July 16, 1864,D, 6th,100 ds.
Samuel Sage,July 16, 1864,D, 6th,100 ds.
Thomas S. Stone,July 16, 1864,D, 6th,100 ds.
Charles W. Webber,

Served nine months previously.
July 16, 1864,D, 6th,100 ds.
Edwin F. Webber,

Served nine months previously.
July 16, 1864,D, 6th,100 ds.
Thomas Welch, †April 8, 1864,20th,3 yrs.
Thomas Walter, †April 8, 1864,20th,3 yrs.
Edward Kippler, †April 8, 1864,20th,3 yrs.
James Donley, †April 8, 1864,20th,3 yrs.
Charles Nolton,April 8, 1864,28th,3 yrs.
Warren H. Holbrook,

Died in 1864 in service.
Aug. 20, 1864.36th,3 yrs.
Daniel H. Miller,

Discharged, for disability, Sept. 3, 1864.
Aug. 25, 1864.6th Bat.3 yrs.
Abraham T. Taylor,Aug. 25, 1864.32nd,3 yrs.
Joshua B. Thompson,Aug. 26, 1864.2d Cav.1 yr.
George A. Butters,Aug. 27, 1864.2d Cav.1 yr.
Joel A. Mansfield,Aug. 27, 1864.2d Cav.1 yr.
William A. Edwards,

Had previously served three years.
Dec. 9, 1864,[*2][*2]
Joshua Atwood,

Drafted, entered the service,
and died the same year.
Thomas F. Hayes,Feb. 15, 1865,1st Bat. H.A.1 yr.
Owen Cocoran,Feb. 15, 1865.[*2][*2]
Joseph Baylow. ‡
William Kenrick. ‡
William Ross. ‡
Leonard Russell. ‡

Samuel W. Stearns was a member of a company of state militia of Fitchburg which enlisted and entered the service as Company B, Fifteenth Regiment, when the war broke out. Being under eighteen years of age, he went as captain’s boy. He served in this capacity six months, when, having obtained the requisite age, he enlisted as a private, and was soon made corporal. He was in the hospital at Portsmouth

* The one hundred days men were mustered in, July 16, 1864, at Camp Meigs, Readville, Mass., by Capt. George Gibson.
† Hired from out of town.
‡ State at large.

Grove, R.I., for a season, suffering from disease contracted during service under General McClellan in the Peninsula campaign. He joined his regiment in camp, August 28, 1860, and in the following October received a mortal wound in the head during the engagement at Bristoe Station, Va., from which he died October 14. He was hastily buried with his comrades near where he fell, and in the following spring was disinterred and brought to Bedford, where he rests in a patriot’s grave. A comrade wrote of his bravery during the battle of White Oak Swamp thus:

“Samuel stood like a little veteran, while some men in the regiment flinched under the terrible fire we received.”

Charles W. Lunt was mustered into the service as corporal, at Lynnfield, Oct. 5, 1861. His term of service covered two years and seven months, and included many of the most severe experiences of the war. He was engaged in the following battles: Yorktown, Williamsburg, Hanover Court House, Gaines’ Mill (was wounded in the chin in this engagement, and soon promoted to sergeant), Fair Oaks, Savage’s Station, Malvern Hill, Gettysburg, Antietam, Chancellorsville, Rappahannock Court House, Wilderness, Laurel Hill, and Spottsylvania, where he was wounded in the thigh, and suffered amputation of the leg. [^1][^2][*3] He died in an ambulance train en route for Washington, D.C., May 11, 1864, at the age of thirty-one years. He was buried with thirteen others at Belle Plain, and afterwards reinterred in the National Cemetery at Petersburg. [*4] His wish, often expressed, was:

“If I die on the field of battle, let me be buried with my comrades.”

The death of the soldier’s father had called him home on a furlough in the spring of 1864, and his return to the army was soon followed by severe battles, in one of which he received the mortal wound. The testimony of his comrades shows him to have been a brave soldier. A letter from Hon. Henry Wilson, of the United States Senate, received one month before the death of Sergeant Lunt, has the following:

“He is a sergeant in Company F, and a good soldier, who has always sustained an excellent character.”

His name is seen on the soldiers’ monument erected by the ladies of Bedford, and the “Lunt Memorial,” a window in the church where he worshipped, keeps his name and that of his parents in the minds of the people of his native town.

“Give me the death of those,
Who for their country die;
And, oh! be mine like their repose,
When cold and low they lie.

[ p 70 ]

Their loveliest mother earth
Enshrines the fallen brave;
In her sweet lap who gave them birth
They find their tranquil grave.” [*5]

Naval Service.— William F. Gragg, entered the service, August, 1862, as surgeon’s steward, on the “Housatonic,” which was destroyed by torpedoes, February, 1864; was then in service on the “Circassian”; died at home, Dec. 24, 1864, having served about eighteen years in the United States navy.

William Williams, entered the service as blacksmith, on the “Fearnot.”

J. Edson Farnsworth, Jr., entered the service as surgeon’s steward, on the “Circassian.”

Charles E. Hosmer, entered the service, June, 1864, as surgeon’s steward, on the “Santiago de Cuba”; was promoted to assistant surgeon, and transferred to the Mississippi squadron, on the “St. Clair”; discharged Oct. 13, 1865. He was in the North Atlantic blockading squadron at the two battles of Fort Fisher, Dec. 24 and 25, 1864, and Jan. 14 and 15, 1865.

Albert P. Sampson was commissioned as master’s mate, in 1862; was in the Gulf squadron, under Admiral Farragut; was promoted to an ensign in 1863, and received an honorable discharge at the close of the war.

Citizens of Bedford credited elsewhere who died in the service, and are honored by their native town or adopted home:—

Albert L. Butler was born in Leominster, March 6, 1832, and moved to Bedford when an infant. In August, 1862, he enlisted in Company A, Massachusetts Forty-fourth Regiment, from Cambridge, where he was clerk of the police court. He was in camp at Readville from August 29 to October 22, when the regiment sailed for North Carolina, reaching New Berne, October 26. The regiment started on what is called the Goldsboro expedition, December 11. In a skirmish at Whitehall he was wounded, December 16, and died in an ambulance, Dec. 19, 1862. His remains were buried at New Berne, N.C., December 22, and later disinterred and brought to Bedford, where they were finally laid.

Clark C. Cutler entered the service as a member of Company G, Forty-seventh Massachusetts Volunteers, and died before being ordered to the field, Oct. 25, 1862.

Charles W. Goodwin enlisted at East Cambridge, at the first call for men, in Company A, Massachusetts Sixteenth Regiment; re-enlisted July, 1861; was wounded at the second battle of Bull Run, August 27, 1862, and died Septem-

ber 5, from the wounds, at the age of nineteen years. Epitaph:

“Sleep on, dear Charlie, take thy rest:
No more shall war’s tumultuous sound
Disturb thy calm and pulseless breast.
Nor glittering sword with thee be found.”

John Byron. [*6]

Charles A. Saunders died of disease in the hospital at New Orleans, August 24, 1864.

Memorial hymn, by Josiah A. Stearns, A.M., Ph.D.:—

[“Home Again.”]
Wake the heart, wake the voice,
Floral honors bring;
And here for every soldier boy
Let grateful anthems ring;
And, oh, their brave heroic deeds
Shall our rejoicing be,
For they have won a martyr’s crown,
And saved our country free;
Wake the heart, wake the voice,
Floral honors bring;
And here for every soldier boy
Let grateful anthems ring.

Father’s love, sisters’ tear,
Sleepless mother’s prayer,
With lofty zeal inspired their soul
The foeman’s wrath to dare;
And now they sleep so peaceful here,
Be loving garlands spread
To sweetly deck the hero’s couch
And crown his honored head.
Father’s love, sisters’ tear,
Sleepless mother’s prayer,
With lofty zeal inspired their soul
The foeman’s wrath to dare.

God of peace, God of war,
God of love divine,
Oh, spread thy ever sheltering wings
Above the soldier’s shrine;
And long shall pilgrims hither come
And tell the reason why
We ‘grave for them on victor’s roll
A name to never die. [*7]
God of peace, God of war,
God of love divine,
Oh, spread thy ever sheltering wings
Above the soldier’s shrine.

Fare ye well, fare ye well.
Rest, ye soldiers true,
And ever more shall grateful men
Attest their love for you:
And, wildly clanking broken chains,
The dusky millions free,
With hands upraised to God shall pray,
On you his glory be.
Fare ye well, fare ye well.
Rest, ye soldiers true,
And evermore shall grateful men
Attest their love for you.



  1. Gaines’ Mill ∨ Gaines Mill
  2. Savage’s Station, ∨ Savage Station,


  1. cf. Havard’s Regulus (1744) p 36 [ poor scan ]
  2. This space is — without explanation — left blank.
  3. “Rappahannock Court House”: [ an error for ] Rappahannock Station
  4. “Belle Plain”: [ presumably ] Belle Plaine
  5. cf. Montgomery‘s “Ode to the volunteers of Britain”
    in The poetical works of James Montgomery (1852) pp 303-304
  6. “John Byron”: [ (presumably) an error for ] Lord Byron
    NB: One must seriously doubt the validity of this citation, given that no other recorded instance of any verse so much as resembling this epitaph appears to exist outside of this report– even beyond the works of Byron!
  7. “‘grave”: engrave

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