Sketches of the Clergymen who have Succeeded Rev. Samuel Stearns
as Pastor of the Church of Christ and Trinitarian Congregational Society,
in their Order of Service.


Rev. Jonathan Leavitt, son of Roswell Leavitt and Dorothy Ashley, was born at Cornish, N.H., Oct. 21, 1800. He fitted for college at Meriden, N.H., and graduated as valedictorian of his class at Amherst College in 1825, and studied theology at Andover Seminary. He went to South Carolina, making the journey from his native town on horseback. He preached for a time at Pendleton, S.C., and then returned, and labored as minister at Acworth, N.H., and at Waltham, Mass., and settled as the immediate successor of Rev. Samuel Stearns, at Bedford, Jan. 11, 1837, where he ministered until Oct. 12, 1840, when he was dismissed to enter upon a broader field of labor at Providence, R.I., and there remained as pastor of Richmond Street Church a quarter of a century, when his health failed, and he resigned. One who knew him as a preacher says of him:

“He preached without notes, he was very scriptural and very spiritual, his figure was striking, his voice clear and admirable in modulation, his sermonizing original and of a high order; often he was mystical, very often thrillingly eloquent. He was an effective preacher in saving men and women. He belonged to a type which has largely disappeared.”

The students of Brown University were attracted to his church, and many were regular worshippers with his people. Amherst College, of which he was a trustee in 1855, honored him, in 1863, with the degree of D.D., which he declined, as a matter of conscience, as he had previously declined the offer of a professorship. [*1a] He married, Oct. 10, 1837, Charlotte Esther, daughter of Rev. Samuel Stearns, his predecessor in the Bedford ministry. [*1b] She died Feb. 27, 1860. He died Oct. 7,

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1877. Children: Edward Chalmers, born March 9, 1842, a prominent artist in Providence, R.I.; Charlotte Elizabeth, born March 4, 1846, who married Edward E. Slocum, of Providence.

Rev. Samuel Hopkins Emery is of the seventh generation in this country. The immigrant ancestor was John, who came, with a brother, Anthony, in the ship “James,” from England, and settled at Newbury in 1635. Samuel was born at Boxford, Mass., Aug. 22, 1815, son of Joshua and Elizabeth (Welch) Emery. He entered Phillips Academy at the age of eight years. John Adams was then principal. From there he entered Amherst College, as sophomore, at the age of sixteen, and graduated in 1834, with the second appointment of salutatory in Latin, in the class with Henry Ward Beecher. He completed a course at Andover Theological Seminary in 1837, and was immediately settled as pastor of a new church in Taunton, Mass., where he labored until January, 1841. He was installed at Bedford as the immediate successor of Rev. Jonathan Leavitt, who had been called to Providence, R.I. His pastorate in this town, of four and a half years, was during the ardor of his youth in the ministry, and the beneficent impressions made are still manifest. His ability, then apparent, has strengthened during the almost half century that has elapsed since he closed his pastorate in this town. He was recalled to the Taunton church, thence to Quincy, Ill., and was for a time at Chicago, Providence, R.I., Bridgeport, Conn., and North Middleboro, Mass. He was called to the superintendence of the charity work of Taunton by a committee representing all of the churches of that city, and has spent fourteen years in that service. He was a representative to the Legislature in 1890 and 1891 from Taunton, being both years a member of the committee on education and House chairman of the committee on parishes and religious societies. He is an authority on historical and genealogical work, being the author of “The Ministry of Taunton,” and other similar publi-

cations. [*2] He has been president of the Old Colony Historical Society for many years. He married, March 7, 1838, Julia, daughter of Hon. William Reed, of Taunton. She had been pupil and teacher in Ipswich Female Seminary. Children: William Reed, died young; Samuel Hopkins, graduate of Harvard law school, a manufacturer in Quincy, Ill.; Francis Walcott Reed, in business in Taunton; Joseph Welch, a manufacturer in Quincy, Ill.

Rev. Oren Sikes son of Jonathan and Cyrena Sikes, was born at Ludlow, Mass., Oct. 26, 1805. He was educated at Monson Academy and Bangor Theological Seminary, and was ordained and installed at Union, Me., June 8, 1831. He was installed at Mercer, Me., Jan. 30, 1833, and at Bedford, June 3, 1846, where he continued to preach until his death, Dec. 15, 1852.

“Orthodox in his doctrinal belief, an able and faithful preacher, a wise and affectionate pastor, a good citizen, a godly man.”

He married, Nov. 4, 1832, Julia Knox, daughter of Eben and Lucy Knox Thatcher, of Thomaston, Me. She died Oct. 19, 1851. Children: Oren C, died Sept. 14, 1879; Julia C, married Rev. William F. Bacon, died Feb. 19, 1859; Catherine P. married Milton A. Fowler, of Poughkeepsie, N.Y.; Henry K., of Peoria, Ill.: Caroline E. H. died in infancy.

[ document sketch ]

Bedford Mass. Oct. 23. 1848

The more we become acquainted with this people, the more highly we esteem them

Oren Sikes.

Rev. Henry Johnson Patrick, son of Rev. Joseph H. and Mary Patrick, was born in Warren, Sept. 20, 1827, and prepared for college at Warren, Wilbraham, and Amherst; graduated from Amherst College in 1848, and from Andover Theological Seminary in 1853; licensed to preach April 1, 1853; settled as pastor at Bedford, Nov. 16, 1854; dismissed Aug. 28, 1860, and installed at West Newton, Sept. 26, 1860, where he has since labored. During his pastorate in this town he was a representative to the General Court (1857–8). He was a delegate of the Christian Commission in the army of the Potomac, at City Point, 1865, and travelled abroad during the summer of 1886. He was honored with the degree of D.D. by Amherst College in

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1890. He married, Sept. 13, 1860, Martha A., daughter of Rev. Aretas Loomis, of Bennington, Vt. They have five children.

Rev. William J. Batt, son of Richard W. and Laura (Bliss) Batt, was born in Fall River, Oct. 5, 1834. He was educated at Brown University, class of 1855, and Andover Theological Seminary, class of 1858. He was ordained to the ministry in Stoneham, in 1859, from which time he was pastor there until 1861, when he was invited to the Church of Christ in Bedford, where he labored four years. His ministry here included the trying period of the Civil War, and his services were with the entire Protestant community, worship being steadily held in but one church. He was installed at Leominster in 1865. After a residence there of ten years, he was recalled to Stoneham, where he remained ten years. Resigning in 1885, he accepted the position of chaplain of the Massachusetts Reformatory, where he is still a faithful laborer for the good of his fellow men. He married, Oct. 5, 1859, Mary D. Davol, of Fall River. She died Dec. 30, 1870. Children: William M., born Jan. 22, 1861; Mary Davol, born May 30, 1863; Arthur L., born June 10, 1865, and died July 2, 1870; Florence W., born Feb. 28, 1867, and died May 19, 1874; Almira Laura, born May 6, 1869.

Rev. George Lewis, son of Lothrop Lewis, was born in Bridgton, Me., Jan. 21, 1839. He was educated in the Academy of his native town and Bangor Theological Seminary. He was ordained at Bedford, Dec. 13, 1865, and installed as pastor of the Church of Christ of the town at the same service. His ministry was rendered brief on account of ill health, and he was dismissed Nov. 14, 1867. He was later settled in Alfred, Me., and is now pastor at South Berwick, Me., where he has been for many years. He married, Nov. 29, 1865, Katharine B. L. McLellare, of Maine.

Rev. Edward Chase was born Oct. 9, 1836; educated at Union College, Maine, [??] and Andover Theological Seminary, and ordained at Portland, Me. in 1863. He was installed as pastor in this town Feb. 17, 1869, and dismissed March 17, 1875. He is now settled at Hallowell, Me., having had a previous pastorate at Biddeford, Me. He married, March 10, 1869, Sarah Brooks. Children: Charles Coes, born April 26, 1870; Martha H., born May 4, 1874; Sarah B., born June 20, 1880, and died Dec. 26, 1890.

Rev. Otis D. Crawford, second son of Hon. James Crawford, of Dubuque, la., and Mary Bellows Dickinson, granddaughter of Col. Caleb Bellows, after whom Bellows Falls, Vt., was named, was born Feb. 5, 1842. [^1][*3] His father died

in 1846, and he was educated in occasional schools and in a general store in Maquoketa, la., in Appleton Academy, New Ipswich, N.H., Iowa College, and at Chicago Theological Seminary, where he took a full course, and graduated in 1872. This was supplemented by a three months course at Oberlin, under President Finney, and at Andover Theological Seminary in the winter of 1876–7, under Professors Park and Phelps. He was ordained Nov. 1, 1872, and entered upon home missionary work in his native state. He was settled at Hampton, la., for two years, and in Sunderland, Mass., in the winter of 1874–5. He became acting pastor at Bedford, Aug. 1, 1875, and remained until Nov. 1, 1876, since which time he has labored in the South and West. His work is that of a revivalist, in which he has been abundantly blessed. His term of service in the South was spent at Mobile, Ala., where he had charge of Emerson Institute, and at New Orleans, where he superintended the erection of Whitin Hall for Straight University. Mr. Crawford enlisted in Company A, Ninth Regiment, of Iowa Volunteer Infantry, Aug. 9. 1861, for three years or during the war. His regiment was mustered into service Sept. 24, 1861. The field of operation was the Mississippi Valley, and he was engaged in battles at Pea Ridge, Ark., Bayou Cache, Chickasaw Bluffs, outpost of Vicksburg, Arkansas Post, Jackson, Miss., and Vicksburg. [^2][^3] In General Sherman‘s corps, at the last place, he was wounded in an assault upon the works, May 22, 1863. [*4] He suffered from an open wound in the shoulder for thirteen months, which prevented him from re-enlisting, and he was discharged Sept. 24, 1864, and granted a pension. He was corporal in the color guard, and as such, at the engagement where he received his wound, was able to save the standard which had been presented to the “Greyhound Regiment” by the ladies of Boston. He married, Sept. 1, 1874, Clara M. Wood, a native of Swansea, Mass. Child: Lulu Addie, born Jan. 9, 1878.

Rev. George Edwards Lovejoy, son of John H. and Sally (Grout) Lovejoy, was born in Bradford, June 30, 1843. His early education was obtained in the public schools of his native town and in various academies. His plans for life were interfered with by the Civil War. He enlisted as a private in August, 1862, being assigned to the Twenty-second Massachusetts Regiment, First Brigade, First Division, Fifth Army Corps. He remained a member of this regiment until it was mustered out of service, when, having re-enlisted, he was transferred to the thirty-second regiment, with which he was connected

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until the close of the war. He participated in the battles of Antietam, Shepherdstown, Chancellorsville, Rappahannock Station, Gettysburg, Cold Harbor, and Petersburg, where his regiment was distinguished for its services. [^4] In 1868 he began special preparations for the gospel ministry, and completed a course at Andover Theological Seminary in 1873. He was ordained and installed as pastor of the Congregational Church of Candia, N.H., July 16, 1873, where he remained until the spring of 1877, and on the 12th of the following September was installed as pastor of the Church of Christ of Bedford. While here the town and church celebrated their one hundred and fiftieth anniversary. His sermon, commemorative of the organization of the latter, was published by the request of the people, and is a valuable contribution to local history. [!!] He resigned at Bedford, to accept a call to the First Congregational Church of Franklin, where he was installed Dec. 8, 1880, and labored with marked success until the summer of 1891, when he accepted a call to Oak Park Church, Minneapolis, Minn. He married, May 1, 1867, Mary L. Sinclair, of Lowell.

Rev. Howard A. Hanaford, son of Dr. T. H. and Rev. Mrs. P. A. Hanaford, was born at Nantucket town, Dec. 31, 1851, and educated at Dean Academy, Antioch College, Ohio, and Tufts Theological School. He was ordained at Wellfleet, as a Universalist, April 22, 1874, and en-

tered the Congregational ministry December, 1877. [^5] He was acting pastor in his native town for two years, and settled in Bedford, in April, 1881. He labored until the autumn of 1885, when he resigned, and accepted an acting pastorate at Middleboro, where he remained until 1888, and was then settled over the First Church of Winchester, N.H. He is prominent in the Masonic fraternity. He married, Nov. 4, 1874, Mary W. Landerkin. Children: Charles Leonard, born Aug. 10, 1875; Maria Mitchell, born July 10, 1880.

Rev. Edwin Smith, son of Henry Dearborn Smith and Clarissa Soule, was born in Searsport, Me. He graduated at Bowdoin College in 1861, and at Bangor Theological Seminary in 1864. [^6] He was ordained and installed at Lynn, Mass., Chestnut Street Church, Jan. 11, 1865, where he remained until 1868. His subsequent parishes have been Barre, 1868–79; Braintree, 1879–82; Maynard, 1882–6. His ministrations at Bedford began August., 1886. He married, Dec. 29, 1864, Amanda S. Manson, a graduate of Bates College. Children: Edwin Ray, born Nov. 25, 1865; Annie Manson, born Aug. 11, 1868; Amy Lillian, born Dec. 14, 1870, and died Nov. 2, 1876; Melville Henry, born Oct. 12, 1880. The twenty-fifth anniversary of the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Smith was made an occasion of great interest by his people at Bedford.



  1. granddaughter ∨ grandaughter
  2. Bayou Cache, ∨ Bayou Cashe,
  3. Vicksburg, ∨ Vickburg,
  4. Shepherdstown, ∨ Shepardstown,
  5. Congregational ∨ Congregegational
  6. in 1861, ∨ in 1861.


  1. This occurred while William A. Stearns was president of Amherst.
    (Leavitt was thus married to the sister of the college’s president.)
  2. cf. Emery’s Ministry of Taunton: Volume I and Volume II (1853)
  3. Bellows Falls was named after a Colonel Benjamin Bellows.
  4. “works”: earthworks
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