HARTWELL — sometimes spelled HEARTWELL. — The crest of the family arms shows the hart or deer drinking at a well, indicating that the more popular spelling of the name may be correct.

William,^1 the founder of the family in New England, came to this country about 1636, and, as appears, directly to Concord. It is uncertain whether he was one of the little company of pioneers who followed Rev. Peter Bulkley through the wilderness to Musketaquid (Concord), in the fall of 1635; but it is certain that he was of the company in 1636, as he received nine acres in the first allotment of land, on which to erect a dwelling. It was located about one mile eastward from the public square of Concord. Mr. Hartwell is supposed to have been twenty-three years old when he came to this country, and was made a freeman of the colony in 1642. He appears in 1653 as a petitioner for the town of Chelmsford, and was an important and useful man in every respect. He was without doubt accompanied by a young wife in his pioneer work, and their children were probably all born in Concord.

There is a difference of opinion in writers of the Hartwell family as to the name of the wife of William,^1 and it has been recorded that the wife of his youth died, and that he had a second wife; but we think the best evidence leads to the conclusion that he had but one, and that her name was Jazan. The uncommon name being incorrectly spelled and poorly written was taken for Jessie, and later for Susan, which may reasonably explain the confusion. William^1 provides for his wife Jazan in his will probated in 1690. He died March 12 of that year. She died Aug. 5, 1695. The place of their burial is uncertain, but probably on the Old Burial Hill.

There is some difference in opinion as to the number of children born to William.^1 He remembers by his will daughters Sarah and Mary and sons John and Samuel. [^1] All agree that there was a Martha, who must have died before her father; and some authorities assign to his family William, Jonathan, and Nathaniel, but of such we find no convincing record.

The almost universal custom of perpetuating the Christian name of the father through the first son, and of the mother through the first daughter, inclines us to the belief that there was a William who died young. We find no proof of the mother’s name having been given to any member of the family.

It is uncertain how early the founder of the Hartwell family located in the territory that became Bedford, if he did at all. In 1666, when the selectmen of Concord undertook to adjust the question of land titles, Mr. Hartwell appears as the owner of two hundred and forty-one or two hundred and forty-seven acres, in nineteen separately described lots. He was one of the overseers of the “East Quarter” about 1650. It is certain that his land extended from the first highway, “Virginia Road,” northward; and that a “trodden path,” later a public way, led to the Hartwell residences, and that his sons located at what is now known as McGovern’s and Hosmer’s. (See Homesteads.) [*1]

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Benj^a F. Hartwell.

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The known ch. of William^1 and Jazan Hartwell are h John,^2 b. Feb. 23, 1640-1. h Samuel,^2 b. Mar. 26, 1645. Martha, b. April 25, 1649. Mary, b. ——, m. Jonathan Hill of Billerica, d. Feb. 1694-5. Sarah, b. ——, m. Benjamin Parker, d. July 18, 1674.

John,^2 son of William,^1 m. June 1, 1664, Priscilla Wright, who d. Mar. 3, 1680-1; m. 2d, Aug. 23, 1682, Elizabeth (her sister). He d. Jan. 12, 1702-3; she d. Dec. 16, 1704. Ch. Ebenezer,^3 b. Feb. 23, 1666-7, m. Sarah Smedley. John,^3 b. April 15, 1669, m. Sarah Shepard. Samuel,^3 b. Oct. 9, 1673, d. Dec. 31, 1694. Sarah, b. April 12, 1677, m. Ebenezer Lamson. William, b. Feb. 20, 1678-9. By 2d wife, Joseph,^3 b. Jan. 24, 16S0-1, m. Ruhamah Cutler, d. Nov. 3, 1743. Elizabeth, b. Dec. 23, 16S4. Edward,^3 b. May 23, I 16S9. Jonathan,^3 b. Feb. 15, 1691-2, m. Elizabeth Brown; m. 2d, Sarah Wheeler.

John Hartwell^2 was in King Philip’s War, Capt. Thomas Wheeler‘s company, and marched to the defence of Quaboag (Brookfield). The birth of John^2 is the first event of reliable date in the history of the family in America. He died intestate. An agreement between his children was made Mar. 12, 1704-5, signed with mark by Ebenezer, John. Elizabeth, William (by attorney), Joseph, Ebenezer Lamson (husband of Sarah), Edward and Jonathan (by their guardian).

Samuel,^2 son of William,^1 m. Oct. 26, 1665, Ruth Wheeler. Ch. Samuel,^3 b. Oct. 6, 1666, m. Abigail Stearns of Billerica, d. Nov. 27, 1744. Mary, b. Feb. 16, 1667-8. Ruth, b. Oct. 17, 1669. h William,^3 b. Aug. 16, 1671. John,^3 b. June 18, 1673, m. Deborah. He d. Nov. 16, 1746; she d. June 14, 1744. (See epitaph.) [*2] They gave a silver cup to the church. Hannah, b. Oct. 8, 1675, m. Thomas Hosmer, d. Jan. 5, 1755. Thomas Hosmer was son of Thomas and grandson of James; killed at Sudbury fight by the Indians. Elizabeth, b. Oct. 23, 1677. Sarah, b. July 10, 1679. Abigail, b. May 1, 16S1. Rebecca, b. Feb. 14, 1682-3, m. Simeon Hayward; m. 2d, —— Temple. She d. Mar. 29, 1776. Jane, b. Nov. 30, 1684. Joseph,* d. young. Jonathan^4

Samuel Hartwell^2 was in Philip’s War, probably in the “hungry march” against the stronghold of Philip. He received land for his services.

William,^3 son of Samuel,^2 m. Ruth. He d. Dec. 11, 1742; she d. Feb. 17, 1752. (See epitaph.) [*2] Ch. h William,^4 b. Nov. 5, 1703. Ruth, b. May 14, 1705, m. —— Bacon. [^2] Dorothy, b. Mar. 27, 1707, m. —— Arnall. [^3] h Daniel,^4 b. Mar. 20, 1709 or 1710. Received his father’s walking cane by will. h Timothy,^4 b. Sept. 15, 1712. h Stephen.^4 b. 1716. h Joseph,^4 b. Jan. 17, 1722-3.

William Hartwell,^3 son of Samuel,^2 was second layman in the foundation members of the church, 1730, and gave £5 towards starting the town.

William,^4 son of William,^3 was active in town at the same time. They died within four years of each other. It is difficult to separate their acts. When the vote was taken as to whether candidates for church membership should give in a

“confession of their faith to be read in public,”

the name appears among the affirmative voters and also among the negatives. William Hartwell was chairman of the committee to call the first minister, q.v.

William,^4 son of William, m. Deborah. He d. April 20, 1746; she d. Dec. 31, 1745. Ch. Oliver,^5 b. Jan. 30, 1728, d. Dec. 14, 1745. Joseph,^5 b. Nov. 3, 1730, probably settled in Vt. William,^5 d. young. James,^5 b. June 1, 1739. Ruth, b. June 17, 1740, d. Feb. 8, 1772. Timothy,^5 d. young.

Daniel,^4 son of William,^3 m. June 13, 1734, Sarah Wilson. He d. July 10, 1745. Ch. Daniel,^5 b. Mar. 14, 1735. Sarah, b. Oct. 4, 1736. Solomon,^5 b. April 20, 1739, m. Aug. 9, 1759, Abigail Davis. William,^5 b. Sept. 1, 1743. Elizabeth, b. Oct 20, 1745.

Timothy,^4 son of William,^3 m. Mar. 24, 1736-7, Mary Davis. He d. Dec. 27, 1797; she d. April 22, 1808. Ch. 2 d. in infancy, and Timothy^5, not recorded, who m. Oct. 7, 1790, Lucy Davis, and had George^6, b. Mar. 17, 1791.

Stephen,^4 son of William^3, m. Dec. 31, 1741, Mary Raymond, who d. July 12, 1752; m. 2d, Rebecca, widow of Eleazer Davis. She d. Aug. 17, 1790; he d. July 12, 1792. Ch. Mary, b. Dec. 19, 1742, m. May 11, 1762, Francis Wilson, Jr. Abigail, b. Aug. 15, 1744, m. Jan. 9, 1766, Jonathan Simonds (?) Tabitha, b. Nov. 24, 1746. Stephen,^5 b. Oct. 12, 1749, m. Jan. 19, 1775, Sarah Reed. Ruth, b. Mar. 1, 1752. h Samuel,^5 b. Feb. 1756.

Joseph,^4* son of William,^3 m. Dec. 12, 1750, Jemima Batchelder. He d. July 7, 1792; she d. July 13, 1786. Ch. Joseph,^5 d. young. Jemima, b. Sept. 6, 1753, m. Ebenezer Cummings of Woburn. John,^5 b. May 18, 1755, m. April 17, 1787, Elizabeth Moore, lived in Littleton, d. Mar. 17, 1827. Their son, Dea. John, possessed a remarkable talent for music. He played the bass viol forty years in Littleton church. [^4] His daughter, Sarah A., m. Charles C. Gragg of Bedford. Lydia, b. Nov. 1, 1757, d. Feb. 13, 1788. Hannah, b. July 9, 1759, m. John Skelton of Billerica, d. Sept. 8, 1831. Ruth, b. Feb. 2, 1761, m. June 3, 1788, Joseph Porter, Jr., d. Nov. 25, 1843. h Joseph,^5 b. May 9, 1762. Dolly, b. Jan. 10, 1764, m. Abraham Whitcomb, d. Aug. 12, 1841. Timothy,^5 b. Sept. 7, 1765. Molly, b. April 5, 1769. h William,^5 b. June 25, 1770.

Samuel,^5 son of Stephen,^4 m. Oct. 26, 1779, Mrs. Desire Brown, dau. of Joseph and Desire (Batchelder). He d. April 2, 1823; she d. Aug. 30, 1824. They had no children. They made bequests to the church, minister and American Education Society, and to relatives. Among the bequests of Desire Hartwell was her tall clock, in the bottom of which was a quantity of silver dollars, to her niece, Hannah Evans.

Joseph,^5 son of Joseph,^4 m. July 3, 1804, Elizabeth Mead. He d. Aug. 3, 1840; she d. Aug. 16, 1845. Ch. h Joseph,^6 b. May 26, 1806.

William,^5 son of Joseph,^4 m. Oct. 13, 1796, Joanna, dau. of Eleazer Davis, who d. Oct. 30, 1808; m. 2d, April 6, 1809, Mary Lake. He d. May 8, 1819; she d. Jan. 4, 1854. Ch. h William,^6 b. Jan. 12, 1797. h Amos,^6 b. Aug. 3, 1798. h Benjamin Farley,^6 b. June 8, 1800. h Joseph,^6 b. April 7, 1802. Isaac,^6 b. Mar. 1, 1804, m. June 19, 1862, Lucy Frost, d. Dec. 6, 1884. He was quiet and industrious, and accumulated wealth. Mary Joanna, b. May 17, 1806, m. Nov. 3, 1863, Robert Hartley. h John Batchelder,^6 b. June 21, 1808. By 2d wife, Samuel Chandler,^6 b. Feb. 4, 1810. Louisa, b. Dec. 31, 1811, m. Elias Skelton. George,^6 b. Aug. 4, 1814, settled in California. Infant son, b and d. 1818. Eldridge,^6 b. Jan. 5, 1820.

Six of the sons of William Hartwell^5 attained the aggregate age of 475 years, and the average of 79 1/6 years. [^5] Isaac^6 and Benjamin^6 died within eight days of each other,

* Densmore’s valuable hand-book of Hartwell Genealogy assigns this Joseph to William,^4 and thus gains a generation; [*3] but the records and tombstone prove that he was born in 1722-3, and we think must have been a son of William.^3

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at the age of 81 and 84, respectively. William^6 and John^6 died within five days of each other, aged 91 and 80, respectively. [^6]

Joseph,^6 son of Joseph,^5 m May 5, 1831, Naomi S. Thompson, who d. May 5, 1840; m. 2d, Dec. 30, 1840, Mrs. Elizabeth (Page) Taylor. He d. Feb. 25, 1869. Ch. Mary A., b. April 18, 1832, m. Amos Stearns, d. Jan. 20, 1864. By 2d wife Martha J. b. Jan. 25, 1842, m. May 25, 1870, George S. Skelton of Carlisle. Ellen E. b. May 28, 1843, m. Sept. 23, 1874, Archibald M. Wilkins. Harriet F. b. April 28, 1846, m. George H. Button. (See Hartwell Homesteads.) [*1]

William,^6 son of William,^5 m. Nov. 30, 1826, Ruhamah Webber. She d. Aug. 31, 1879; he d. Jan. 14, 1888. Ch. William W.^7 b. Oct. 2, 1827. Joanna, b. Nov. 1, 1829. Lydia E. b. Mar. 15, 1835.

The family first settled in Concord, then on a farm in Lexington, now conducted by the son. Joanna attended the normal school at Newton, and was a successful teacher for years.

Amos,^6 son of William,^5 m. June 20, 1822, Louisa Hodgman. He d. July 25, 1870; she d. Nov. 17, 1878. Ch. Sarah Joanna, b. and d. 1823. Mary, b. Mar. 19, 1825, m. Nov. 27, 1845, Josiah B. Gleason. Sarah, b. Feb. 24, 1827, m. Jan. 1, 1851, Royal T. Bryant. h Edward Amos,^7 b. Sept. 23, 1828. h William Green, b. Dec. 1, 1834. Abby Louisa, b. June 1 , 1839, a teacher for several years. h Frederick Alonzo, b. June 13, 1841.

Amos Hartwell, at the age of twenty years, through the death of his father, was left, with his step-mother, in charge of the farm and several young children. He married, 1822, Louisa Hodgman, a woman of great energy and executive ability, and for a while manufactured shoes. They invested their limited means in the Stephen Davis farm, where they reared a large family and accumulated a most respectable fortune. Their six children were given the benefit of academic training in addition to the educational advantages of the town, which by private subscription Mr. Hartwell aided in improving. The three daughters were successful teachers. The closing years of Mr. and Mrs. Hartwell were spent at the John Merriam residence in the village. Mr. Hartwell was a justice of the peace for fourteen years, settled many estates, conducted the affairs of minors, and was prominent in town office. He was representative to the General Court four years. He was deacon of the Church of Christ from 1826 till death, in 1870; was superintendent of the Sabbath school eighteen years, and enjoyed the confidence of the townspeople till death. A window to his memory was placed, by his children, in 1886, in the meeting-house which he aided in building, and where he was a consistent worshipper of God, whom he loved and taught his family to worship. [*4]

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Benj^a F. Hartwell.

son of William,^5 m. Nov. 13, 1828, Lucy Webber, who d. April 20, 1834; m. 2d, Jan. 20, 1835, Mary F. Fitch, who d. May 15, 1871; m. 3d, Nov. 17, 1875, Mrs. Nancy Brooks. He d. Dec. 14, 1884. Ch. Lucy, b. and d. 1830. Lucy Ann, b. and d. 1832. By 2d wife, Lucy Webber, b. Jan. 16, 1837, m. Nov. 25, 1858, Hannibal S. Pond. Mary Alzina, b. Feb. 21, 1839, m. Jan. 1, 1861, Matthew R. Fletcher.

Benjamin F. Hartwell^6 spent his most active years on the Convers Farm at South Bedford (see illustration), and

later lived with his second wife, Mary F. Fitch, at her paternal homestead in the centre. [*1] He had been a member of the church sixty-seven years, and a useful and honored citizen. Lucy W. (Hartwell) Pond lived at her homestead at South Bedford. She was killed by being thrown from a carriage Oct. 2, 1860. Mary A. (Hartwell) Fletcher lived at Arlington some years, returned to Bedford with her husband in 1884, and located on her maternal acres. (See Homesteads.) [*1]

Joseph,^6 son of William,^5 m. May 5, 1833, Hannah Hodgman. He d. Aug. 2, 1868; she d. Jan. 23, 188S. Ch. Nancy, b. and d. 1834. h Joseph Edwin^7 and Hannah Elizabeth, twins, b. May 13, 1835; Hannah E. m. George H. Smith, d. Mar. 30, 1890. h Charles Henry,^7 b. Oct. 5, 1836. Nancy Jane, b. Jan. 3, 1838, m. Charles M. Stratton, d. Jan. 31, 1876. Ellen Francena, b. July 18, 1839, m. Hannibal S. Pond, d. Feb. 15, 1865. Caroline Augusta, b April 9, 1841, m. George W. Livermore. h John Albert,^7 b. Jan. 9, 1843. h George Alfred,^7 b. Dec 7, 1844. h Isaac Newton,^7 b. Nov. 28, 1846. Benjamin Franklin,^7 b. and d. 1848. Frank,^7 b. June 28, 1850. Addie Maria, d. young.

Joseph Hartwell was a flourishing farmer and teamster, and a man of great endurance.

John Batchelder,^6 m. July 14, 1832, Julia Ann Harrington. He d. Jan. 19, 1888; she d. Feb. 21, 1890. Ch. John Henry,^7 b. Jan. 16, 1835. Charles Frederick,^7 b. Mar. 29, 1844.

John B. Hartwell settled in West Cambridge (Arlington) in 1836, was a carpenter by trade, and built many houses. He was sexton of the Unitarian church for thirty years, and funeral undertaker of the town forty-three years; and was in other public offices, which he faithfully filled.

Samuel Chandler,^6 son of William,^5 was an architect and builder in New Orleans, La., m. Mrs. Eliza Thomas. He d. June 22, 1844. Ch. Alice L. b. 1837, m. 1858, John Lockhart. Charles C.^7 b. 1839, m. 1863, Catherine Lacy. He is a plumber and gas-fitter in New Orleans, and a man of wealth and influence. Ch. Eliza A. b. 1865. Ellen A. b. 1867. Samuel C.^8 b. 1869. Charles A. L.^8 b. 1871. Lawrence S.^8 b. 1873.

Eldridge,^6 son of William,^5 m. Nov. 1, 1843, Lucy P. Reed. Ch. h Edwin A.^7 h. Sept. 12, 1845. Ella Louisa, b. Sept. 11, 1852, d. Nov. 28, 1853.

Eldridge Hartwell^6 and son, Edwin A.,^7 are both house-builders, and located in their native town.

Edward Amos,^7 son of Amos,^6 m. Oct. 13, 1860, Almira Chamberlin. Ch. Walter Chamberlin,^8 d. young. Carrie Louise, b. Aug. 4, 1864, m. Sept. 16, 1890, George M, Ludlow. Lydia Cornelia, h. Nov. 29, 1867. Almira Florence, b. July 23, 1869. Abbie Gertrude, b. Oct. 6, 1871. Mary Belle, b. May 23, 1875. Edward Chamberlin,^8 d. young.

Edward Amos Hartwell went, in 1852, to California, where he spent a year in gulch mining, then three in carpentering; [^7] was at Quincy, Ill., in mill business, until 1859; then to New Orleans, La., and later to Chicago, in the manufacture of sash, blinds, and builder’s finish. He has accumulated a large fortune. In 1888 he organized his business into a stock company, displaying great munificence in the gratuitous distribution of stock among his old and faithful employees. [^8] He has large possessions in the West, and in Florida, at Rockledge, where he conducts an orange plantation and lives during the winter. He is a faithful friend of the church of his youth.

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Mary F. Hartwell

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William Green,^7 son of Amos,^6 the only male representative of Amos^6 in his native town, where he is a prosperous wood and coal dealer, m. June 11, 1868, Clara A. Smith. Ch. Edith Smith, b. Oct. 5, 1872. Clara Howard, b. Nov. 25, 1877. Lilla, b. Mar. 7, 1880.

Frederick Alonzo,^7 son of Amos,^6 m. Nov. 23, 1865, Lavinia A. Nichols. Ch. Fannie Taylor, b. Aug. 13, 186S. Harry Gardner,^8 b. Aug. 24, 1871. Herbert Cabot,^8 b. Mar. 18, 1873. William Winn,^8 b. Sept. 1, 1874. Florence May, b. May 21, 1876. Ernest Nichols,^8 b. Feb. 25, 1878. Edward Amos,^8 b. Sept. 17, 1879.

Frederick A. Hartwell^7 settled in Woburn, where he has conducted the provision business with marked success for many years. He is an honored member and liberal sup-porter of the Orthodox church.

Joseph Edwin,^7 son of Joseph,^6 m. Dec. 25, 1868, Adelia Babson. Lives in Brighton in winter, at Pigeon Cove in summer.

Charles Henry,^7 son of Joseph,^6 m. June 10, 1874, Emma J. Carr. Ch. Henry T.^8 b. Sept. 13, 1876. Gertrude A. b. April 15, 1880. Ethel.

Charles H. Hartwell^7 is a successful trader in East Cambridge.

John Albert,^7 son of Joseph,^6 m. June 29, 1874-, Helen M. Davis Ch. Edith.

George Alfred,^7 son of Joseph, m. Mar. 1868, Olive M. Fitch. Ch. George F.^8 b. and d. 1868. [^9] Louisa F. b. Aug. 18, 1871.

Isaac Newton,^7 son of Joseph,^6 wheelwright at Bedford, m. June 1, 1870, Elizabeth A. Pierce. Ch. Lizzie Marion, b. Dec. 30, 1875.

John Henry,^7 son of John,^6 m. Nov. 21, 1861, Emeline Augusta Stearns. She d. Sept. 19, 1883. Ch. George Henry,^8 b. Aug. 22, 1864, m. Emma I. Greenard. Addie Augusta, b. Oct. 29, 1866, m. James W. Nickles. Charles Tilden,^8 b. Dec. 18, 1868. Julia Almira, b. Jan. 14, 1871.

John H. Hartwell^7 is in the undertaking business in Arlington. He has been chief of police and in other town offices.

Charles Frederick,^7 son of John,^6 m. Mar. 29, 1866, Mary Jane Boothby; m. 2d, Mar. 29, 1884, Mrs Augusta Anne Webster. Ch. Frederick William,^8 b. Mar. 20, 1868. Walter Chandler,^8 b. May 2, 1870. Herbert Eugene,^8 b. Mar. 12, 1872. Gertrude Eugenia, b. Nov. 14, 1874.

Charles F. Hartwell^7 followed the seas for years, and later the trade of a carpenter.

Edwin A.^7 son of Eldridge,^6 m. June 21, 1869, Mary P. Blood. Ch. Clara L. b. Dec. 7, 1870.



  1. Samuel. ∨ Samuel
  2. m. —— Bacon. ∨ m. Bacon.
  3. m. —— Arnall. ∨ m. Arnall.
  4. bass ∨ base
  5. 79 1/6 years. ∨ 79 1-6 years.
  6. respectively. ∨ respectively
  7. gulch ∨ gluch
  8. employees. ∨ employes.
  9. George F.^8 ∨ Geor_e F.^8


  1. cf. (in this work) pp 95-97
  2. cf. (in this work) p 85
  3. cf. Densmore’s Hand-book of Hartwell genealogy (1887) p 126 [ no scan ]
  4. “the meeting-house”: now First Church of Christ: 25 Great Road

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